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British Drug Pushers in China–The 2nd Opium War

Bayard & Holmes ~ Jay Holmes Last week, we began the sordid tale of the First Opium War, in which England pushed opium produced in India onto China to balance its trade deficit with that country. Today, we continue with the rest of the [...]

British Drug Pushers in China — The 1st Opium War

Bayard & Holmes ~ Jay Holmes China became involved in direct trade with Europe when the Portuguese established a trade center in Macau, China in 1557. Then, in 1565, Spain established a permanent colonial presence in the Philippine Islands [...]